Louis XI

Louis XI, king of France was an interesting fellow who reigned from 1461- 1483. His most sought after goal as king was to make France more centralized as a single whole with one ruler commanding over the kingdom. Because Louis did not relish war he formed a team of international and domestic spies to observe … More Louis XI

Italy Without Peace

The Italian War of 1494- 1498 began when King Charles VIII of France desired to retrieve his claim to Naples. Milan being enemies with Naples gave Charles full consent on his quest until France began fighting for more territory than just Naples. He successfully continued to conquer the Italian states up until the remaining states … More Italy Without Peace

Rise and Fall of Girolamo Savonarola

Girolamo Savonrola, a dominican friar, believed that the Renaissance was a very sinful, pagan thing.   He therefore started preaching against it, being very successful in convincing people to burn their luxurious worldly things. Eventually after he made a new constitution for Florence he took power over the city as a somewhat dictator. Pope Alexander VI … More Rise and Fall of Girolamo Savonarola

Renaissance Popes

The Renaissance papacy was not as neat and tidy as you think it may have been, it had quite a few problems of its own. First, many popes were engaged with nepotism, the favoring of your relatives and appointing them to church offices. Other popes did not abide the rule of having no children. Secondly, … More Renaissance Popes

Early Artists

Lorenzo Ghiberti, who lived from 1378-1455 was one of the first artists of the Renaissance. After a competition to display his and others’ skills he was chosen to complete the bronze doors for the Baptistery next to the Duomo in Florence. His job included the making of 28 panels, 20 on the life of Christ, … More Early Artists

Advice for a Prince

In Machiavelli’s ‘The Prince’ he advises princes and politicians how to be a better and stronger ruler. He does not believe that the church has the right to have any authority over a secular state unlike passed monarchs who submitted to the church. Machiavelli says that it is better to be a feared ruler than … More Advice for a Prince

John Wyclif

John Wyclif was a professor at Oxford who believed and taught about predestination, the theory about whether you end up in heaven or hell has already been decided by God, purgatory then having no use. He also was anti-property, believing that if you have sinned you have no right to property and that the church … More John Wyclif