My Impression of the ‘Spiritual Exercises’

What kind of impression were you left with by the Spiritual Exercises?  Why is Ignatius concerned about careless discussion of faith and good works?   St. Ignatius Loyola founded the Catholic Jesuit Order, or the Society of Jesus, and wrote Spiritual Exercises.  I was given the opportunity to read an excerpt of this literary work.  … More My Impression of the ‘Spiritual Exercises’

Some of Luther’s Ideas in ‘On the Freedom of a Christian’

In reading a selection from Martin Luther’s On the Freedom of a Christian Luther expressed many of his views on just what the title of his book states: the freedom of a Christian. First, Luther says that a Christian should live by faith in God alone rather than completing works.  He says that by doing … More Some of Luther’s Ideas in ‘On the Freedom of a Christian’

The Catholic Church Before the Protestant Reformation

The Catholic church was never perfect but in 1517 on the eve of the Protestant Reform it was beginning to seem unworthy of it’s title. The churchmen seemed to just want to be involved to abtain the church’s money. Some were even absent from their positions, not wanting to be bothered with their jobs. Then … More The Catholic Church Before the Protestant Reformation

Power Conflicts

Beginning in 1322 there was a major conflict between Louis of Bavaria, the king, not emperor, of the Holy Roman Empire, and Pope John XXII. Louis, who was taking advice from Marsilius of Padua, did not yield to any orders from the pope. You see Marsilius was highly against the church having any authority over … More Power Conflicts