Early Artists

Lorenzo Ghiberti, who lived from 1378-1455 was one of the first artists of the Renaissance. After a competition to display his and others’ skills he was chosen to complete the bronze doors for the Baptistery next to the Duomo in Florence. His job included the making of 28 panels, 20 on the life of Christ, … More Early Artists

Advice for a Prince

In Machiavelli’s ‘The Prince’ he advises princes and politicians how to be a better and stronger ruler. He does not believe that the church has the right to have any authority over a secular state unlike passed monarchs who submitted to the church. Machiavelli says that it is better to be a feared ruler than … More Advice for a Prince

John Wyclif

John Wyclif was a professor at Oxford who believed and taught about predestination, the theory about whether you end up in heaven or hell has already been decided by God, purgatory then having no use. He also was anti-property, believing that if you have sinned you have no right to property and that the church … More John Wyclif

Devastating Disaster

The Black Death was one of the most brutal disasters during the fourteenth century. It wiped out around one third of Europe’s population and with this decrease of people the workers’ wages and common taxes rose. With a lack of people to tend to a lord’s crops the people who were fortunate enough to survive … More Devastating Disaster

‘Defensor Pacis’

Marsilius of Padua’s written work ‘Defensor Pacis’ was a significant political argument about the power of the church and the power of state. He believed that the pope or any other institute should not have the authority to govern over a certain secular state or kingdom. He also introduced many different ideas about law and … More ‘Defensor Pacis’

Conflicts of Greed

During the 1200s the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire and the popes of that time had many conflicts. I believe that the main source of these conflicts was greed of power and control. With an emperor ruling over a vastly large kingdom, not taking orders from anyone, and yearning for even more power the … More Conflicts of Greed

Gaining Freedom

The rise of medieval towns was not only significant because it was a source of growth in Europe, but it was a source of freedom as well. Any serf, a slave to a lord, who was able to hide from his master in a town for a year and a day would be free and … More Gaining Freedom

Gothic Cathedrals

The construction of Gothic cathedrals played a major part in the western church’s history. Unlike Romanesque cathedrals Gothic cathedrals had more windows which brought much more light into the church. Why did they have more windows than Romanesque ones? Well, it is because the Gothic cathedrals and buildings were built with flying buttresses which carried … More Gothic Cathedrals